The 14th Dalai Lama, known as Tenzin Gyatso to the Tibetan people, is the current Dalai Lama, the highest spiritual leader of Tibet, and a retired political leader of Tiber. On April 29, 1959, the Dalia Lama established the independent Tibetan government in exile, the Central Tibetan Administration. He retired as political head in 2011, to make way for a democratic government. The Dalai Lama also meets with other world leaders, religious leaders, philosophers and scientists, and travels worldwide giving Tibetan Buddhist teachings. The Dalai Lama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, and the US Congressional Gold Medal in 2006. Time magazine named the Dalai Lama one of the “Children of Mahatma Gandhi” and Gandhi’s spiritual heir to nonviolence.
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